What is CBT

 

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a psychological evidenced-based treatment or talking therapy. CBT treatment focuses on the here and now and gives clients tools to work with their thoughts, behaviours and physical sensations to affect their emotions.

In periods of stress, thoughts or beliefs about ourselves, the world or others can become unhelpful and cause distress. These thoughts or beliefs can affect how someone behaves in specific situations, brings on physical sensations and causes emotional distress. This means that the person becomes stuck in a viscous cycle.

It is very hard to break a vicious cycle alone and is not the individual’s fault.

The therapist and client come together to gain a shared understanding of the problem and work together to break the vicious cycle. The therapist and client will focus on the here and now and create goals for the client to work towards.

CBT allows the client to view their problem in a different way. It helps the client to either work on unhelpful thoughts or behaviours to affect the way that they are feeling or what they are experiencing in their body. Over time they will be able to improve how they feel and get back to themselves.

CBT allows the client over time to be their own therapist and manage their emotions in a way that is more beneficial to their everyday life.

CBT is recommended under National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Guidelines as a Gold Standard treatment for people with a range of mental health difficulties:

  • Depression (Low Self Esteem)

  • Post Natal Depression

  • Anxiety and Worry

  • Panic

  • Specific Phobia

  • Blood and Needle Phobias

  • Illness Anxiety formally Health Anxiety

  • Social Anxiety

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

  • Death Anxiety

There is also a growing evidence-base for CBT having positive benefits for Long Term health conditions:

  • Diabetes

  • COPD

  • Heart Disease

  • Cancer

  • Medically unexplained symptoms

  • Pain Management

 The guidelines recommend differing numbers of sessions depending on what the presenting problem is.

For further information:

https://www.evidence.nhs.uk/search?q=NICE+cognitive+behavioural+therapy